Federal Register: July 26, 2000 (Volume 65, Number 144)
DOCID: FR Doc 00-18915
DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION
Federal Aviation Administration
CFR Citation: 14 CFR Part 39
Docket ID: [Docket No. 2000-NM-133-AD]
RIN ID: RIN 2120-AA64
NOTICE: PROPOSED RULES
ACTION: Airworthiness directives:
DOCUMENT ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM).
Airworthiness Directives; Empresa Brasileira de Aeronautica S.A. (EMBRAER) Model EMB-120 Series Airplanes
DATES: Comments must be received by August 25, 2000.
This document proposes the adoption of a new airworthiness directive (AD) that is applicable to certain EMBRAER Model EMB120 series airplanes. This proposal would require a onetime inspection to detect wear of the hydraulic pump hoses, and corrective action, if necessary. This proposal would also require relocation of the clip that secures the left forward holdopen rod of both nacelles. This action is necessary to prevent chafing and consequent rupture of the hydraulic line and loss of hydraulic pressure, which could result in reduced controllability of the airplane. This action is intended to address the identified unsafe condition.
Empresa Brasileira de Aeronautica S.A.,
Interested persons are invited to participate in the making of the
proposed rule by submitting such written data, views, or arguments as
they may desire. Communications shall identify the Rules Docket number
and be submitted in triplicate to the address specified above. All
communications received on or before the closing date for comments,
specified above, will be considered before taking action on the
proposed rule. The proposals contained in this notice may be changed in light of the comments received.
Submit comments using the following format:
Comments are specifically invited on the overall regulatory, economic, environmental, and energy aspects of the proposed rule. All comments submitted will be available, both before and after the closing date for comments, in the Rules Docket for examination by interested persons. A report summarizing each FAApublic contact concerned with the substance of this proposal will be filed in the Rules Docket.
Commenters wishing the FAA to acknowledge receipt of their comments submitted in response to this notice must submit a selfaddressed, stamped postcard on which the following statement is made: ``Comments to Docket Number 2000NM133AD.'' The postcard will be date stamped and returned to the commenter.
Availability of NPRMs
Any person may obtain a copy of this NPRM by submitting a request to the FAA, Transport Airplane Directorate, ANM114, Attention: Rules Docket No. 2000NM133AD, 1601 Lind Avenue, SW., Renton, Washington 980554056.
The Departmento de Aviacao Civil (DAC), which is the airworthiness
authority for Brazil, notified the FAA that an unsafe condition may
exist on certain EMBRAER Model EMB120 series airplanes. The DAC
advises that it has received a report of one case of rupture of an
enginedriven pump hydraulic hose, possibly due to its friction against the clip that secures the
lefthand forward cowling holdopen rod of both nacelles. The rupture led to the loss of the hydraulic fluid of the relevant system. This condition, if not corrected, could result in reduced controllability of the airplane.
Explanation of Relevant Service Information
EMBRAER has issued Service Bulletin 120290047, Change 01, dated October 22, 1996, which consists of two parts. Part I describes procedures for a visual inspection of all hydraulic hoses installed in both nacelles to detect wearout, chafing, or scores. Followon and corrective actions include ensuring a certain distance between the cowl rod clip and the hydraulic hoses, repairing discrepant hoses, relocating the clip that secures the left holdopen rod of both nacelles to prevent further chafing, and replacing the hydraulic hoses with those having the same part number. Part II describes procedures for relocating the clip. Accomplishment of the actions specified in the service bulletin is intended to adequately address the identified unsafe condition. The DAC classified this service bulletin as mandatory and issued Brazilian airworthiness directive 961201, dated December 13, 1996, in order to ensure the continued airworthiness of these airplanes in Brazil.
This airplane model is manufactured in Brazil and is type certificated for operation in the United States under the provisions of section 21.29 of the Federal Aviation Regulations (14 CFR 21.29) and the applicable bilateral airworthiness agreement. Pursuant to this bilateral airworthiness agreement, the DCA has kept the FAA informed of the situation described above. The FAA has examined the findings of the DAC, reviewed all available information, and determined that AD action is necessary for products of this type design that are certificated for operation in the United States.
Explanation of Requirements of Proposed Rule
Since an unsafe condition has been identified that is likely to exist or develop on other airplanes of the same type design registered in the United States, the proposed AD would require accomplishment of the actions specified in the service bulletin described previously. Cost Impact
The FAA estimates that 200 airplanes of U.S. registry would be affected by this proposed AD.
It would take approximately 1 work hour per airplane to inspect the hydraulic hoses, at an average labor rate of $60 per work hour. Based on these figures, the cost impact of the proposed inspection on U.S. operators is estimated to be $12,000, or $60 per airplane.
It would take approximately 1 work hour per airplane to relocate the clip, at an average labor rate of $60 per work hour. Required parts would cost approximately $15 per airplane. Based on these figures, the cost impact of the proposed clip relocation on U.S. operators is estimated to be $15,000, or $75 per airplane.
The cost impact figures discussed above are based on assumptions that no operator has yet accomplished any of the proposed requirements of this AD action, and that no operator would accomplish those actions in the future if this AD were not adopted.
The regulations proposed herein would not have a substantial direct effect on the States, on the relationship between the national Government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. Therefore, it is determined that this proposal would not have federalism implications under Executive Order 13132.
For the reasons discussed above, I certify that this proposed regulation (1) Is not a ``significant regulatory action'' under Executive Order 12866; (2) is not a ``significant rule'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); and (3) if promulgated, will not have a significant economic impact, positive or negative, on a substantial number of small entities under the criteria of the Regulatory Flexibility Act. A copy of the draft regulatory evaluation prepared for this action is contained in the Rules Docket. A copy of it may be obtained by contacting the Rules Docket at the location provided under the caption ADDRESSES. List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39
Air transportation, Aircraft, Aviation safety, Safety. The Proposed Amendment
Accordingly, pursuant to the authority delegated to me by the Administrator, the Federal Aviation Administration proposes to amend part 39 of the Federal Aviation Regulations (14 CFR part 39) as follows:
PART 39AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES
1. The authority citation for part 39 continues to read as follows:
Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701.
Sec. 39.13 [Amended]
2. Section 39.13 is amended by adding the following new airworthiness directive:
Empresa Brasileira De Aeronautica S.A. (Embraer): Docket 2000NM 133AD.
Applicability: Model EMB120 series airplanes, certificated in any category, having serial numbers listed in EMBRAER Service Bulletin 120290047, Change 01, dated October 22, 1996.
Note 1: This AD applies to each airplane identified in the
preceding applicability provision, regardless of whether it has been modified, altered, or repaired in the area subject to the
requirements of this AD. For airplanes that have been modified, altered, or repaired so that the performance of the requirements of this AD is affected, the owner/operator must request approval for an alternative method of compliance in accordance with paragraph (c) of this AD. The request should include an assessment of the effect of the modification, alteration, or repair on the unsafe condition addressed by this AD; and, if the unsafe condition has not been eliminated, the request should include specific proposed actions to address it.
Compliance: Required as indicated, unless accomplished previously.
To prevent rupture of the hydraulic line and loss of hydraulic pressure due to chafing, which could result in reduced
controllability of the airplane, accomplish the following:
(a) Within 75 flight hours after the effective date of this AD, perform a general visual inspection to detect discrepancies (wear, chafing, or scores) of all hydraulic pump hoses installed in both nacelles, in accordance with Part I of EMBRAER Service Bulletin 120 290047, Change 01, dated October 22, 1996. Prior to further flight, perform all applicable corrective actions in accordance with the service bulletin.
Note 2: Accomplishment, prior to the effective date of this AD, of the inspection in accordance with Part I of EMBRAER Service Bulletin 120290047, dated August 22, 1996, is acceptable for compliance with the requirements of paragraph (a) of this AD.
Note 3: For the purposes of this AD, a general visual inspection
is defined as: ``A visual examination of an interior or exterior
area, installation, or assembly to detect obvious damage, failure,
or irregularity. This level of inspection is made under normally
available lighting conditions such as daylight, hangar lighting,
flashlight, or droplight, and may require removal or opening of
access panels or doors. Stands, ladders, or platforms may be required to gain proximity to the area being checked.''
(b) Within 75 flight hours after the effective date of this AD, relocate the clip that secures the left forward holdopen rod of both nacelles in accordance with Part II of
EMBRAER Service Bulletin 120290047, Change 01, dated October 22, 1996.
Alternative Methods of Compliance
(c) An alternative method of compliance or adjustment of the compliance time that provides an acceptable level of safety may be used if approved by the Manager, Atlanta Aircraft Certification Office (ACO), FAA, Small Airplane Directorate. Operators shall submit their requests through an appropriate FAA Principal Maintenance Inspector, who may add comments and then send it to the Manager, Atlanta ACO.
Note 4: Information concerning the existence of approved
alternative methods of compliance with this AD, if any, may be obtained from the Atlanta ACO.
Special Flight Permits
(d) Special flight permits may be issued in accordance with sections 21.197 and 21.199 of the Federal Aviation Regulations (14 CFR 21.197 and 21.199) to operate the airplane to a location where the requirements of this AD can be accomplished.
Note 5: The subject of this AD is addressed in Brazilian airworthiness directive 961201, dated December 13, 1996.
Issued in Renton, Washington, on July 20, 2000.
Donald L. Riggin,
Acting Manager, Transport Airplane Directorate, Aircraft Certification Service.
[FR Doc. 0018915 Filed 72500; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 491013U
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT
Robert Capezzuto, Aerospace Engineer, Systems and Flight Test Branch, ACE116A, FAA, Small Airplane Directorate, Atlanta Aircraft Certification Office, One Crown Center, 1895 Phoenix Boulevard, suite 450, Atlanta, Georgia 30349; telephone (770) 7036071; fax (770) 7036097.