Federal Register: September 21, 2001 (Volume 66, Number 184)
DOCID: FR Doc 01-23700
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES
Food and Drug Administration
Docket ID: [Docket No. 01E-0089]
ACTION: Human drugs:
DOCUMENT ACTION: Notice.
Determination of Regulatory Review Period for Purposes of Patent Extension; Kaletra
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has determined the regulatory review period for Kaletra and is publishing this notice of that determination as required by law. FDA has made the determination because of the submission of an application to the Commissioner of Patents and Trademarks, Department of Commerce, for the extension of a patent that claims that human drug product.
Patent extension; regulatory review period determinations—; Kaletra,
The Drug Price Competition and Patent Term
Restoration Act of 1984 (Public Law 98417) and the Generic Animal Drug
and Patent Term Restoration Act (Public Law 100670) generally provide
that a patent may be extended for a period of up to 5 years so long as the patented item (human drug product, animal drug
product, medical device, food additive, or color additive) was subject to regulatory review by FDA before the item was marketed. Under these acts, a product's regulatory review period forms the basis for determining the amount of extension an applicant may receive.
A regulatory review period consists of two periods of time: A testing phase and an approval phase. For human drug products, the testing phase begins when the exemption to permit the clinical investigations of the drug becomes effective and runs until the approval phase begins. The approval phase starts with the initial submission of an application to market the human drug product and continues until FDA grants permission to market the drug product. Although only a portion of a regulatory review period may count toward the actual amount of extension that the Commissioner of Patents and Trademarks may award (for example, half the testing phase must be subtracted as well as any time that may have occurred before the patent was issued), FDA's determination of the length of a regulatory review period for a human drug product will include all of the testing phase and approval phase as specified in 35 U.S.C. 156(g)(1)(B).
FDA recently approved for marketing the human drug product Kaletra (lopinavir). Kaletra is indicated in combination with other antiretroviral agents for the treatment of HIV1 infections in adults and pediatric patients age 6 months and older. Subsequent to this approval, the Patent and Trademark Office received a patent term restoration application for Kaletra (U.S. Patent No. 5,886,036) from Abbott Laboratories, Inc., and the Patent and Trademark Office requested FDA's assistance in determining this patent's eligibility for patent term restoration. In a letter dated May 11, 2001, FDA advised the Patent and Trademark Office that this human drug product had undergone a regulatory review period and that the approval of Kaletra represented the first permitted commercial marketing or use of the product. Shortly thereafter, the Patent and Trademark Office requested that FDA determine the product's regulatory review period.
FDA has determined that the applicable regulatory review period for Kaletra is 1,397 days. Of this time, 1,290 days occurred during the testing phase of the regulatory review period, while 107 days occurred during the approval phase. These periods of time were derived from the following dates:
1. The date an exemption under section 505(i) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the act) (21 U.S.C. 355(i)) became effective: November 20, 1996. The applicant claims November 18, 1996, as the date the investigational new drug application (IND) became effective. However, FDA records indicate that the IND effective date was November 20, 1996, which was 30 days after FDA receipt of the IND.
2. The date the application was initially submitted with respect to the human drug product under section 505(b) of the act: June 1, 2000. FDA has verified the applicant's claim that the new drug application (NDA) for Kaletra (NDA 21226) was initially submitted on June 1, 2000.
3. The date the application was approved: September 15, 2000. FDA has verified the applicant's claim that NDA 21226 was approved on September 15, 2000.
This determination of the regulatory review period establishes the maximum potential length of a patent extension. However, the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office applies several statutory limitations in its calculations of the actual period for patent extension. In its application for patent extension, this applicant seeks 324 days of patent term extension.
Anyone with knowledge that any of the dates as published are incorrect may submit to the Dockets Management Branch (address above) written comments and ask for a redetermination by November 20, 2001. Furthermore, any interested person may petition FDA for a determination regarding whether the applicant for extension acted with due diligence during the regulatory review period by March 20, 2002. To meet its burden, the petition must contain sufficient facts to merit an FDA investigation. (See H. Rept. 857, part 1, 98th Cong., 2d sess., pp. 41 42, 1984.) Petitions should be in the format specified in 21 CFR 10.30.
Comments and petitions should be submitted to the Dockets Management Branch. Three copies of any information are to be submitted, except that individuals may submit one copy. Comments are to be identified with the docket number found in brackets in the heading of this document. Comments and petitions may be seen in the Dockets Management Branch between 9 a.m. and 4 p.m., Monday through Friday.
Dated: September 5, 2001.
Jane A. Axelrad,
Associate Director for Policy, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research. [FR Doc. 0123700 Filed 92001; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 416001S
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT
Claudia Grillo, Office of Regulatory Policy (HFD007), Food and Drug Administration, 5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville, MD 20857, 3015945645.