Federal Register: December 11, 2001 (Volume 66, Number 238)
DOCID: FR Doc 01-30492
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES
Food and Drug Administration
Docket ID: [Docket No. 00D-1681]
ACTION: Reports and guidance documents; availability, etc.:
DOCUMENT ACTION: Notice.
Guidance on Use of Potassium Iodide as a Thyroid Blocking Agent in Radiation Emergencies; Availability
DATES: Submit written or electronic comments on agency guidances at any time.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing the availability of a guidance entitled ``Potassium Iodide as a Thyroid Blocking Agent in Radiation Emergencies.'' This guidance updates a notice of availability entitled ``Potassium Iodide as a Thyroid Blocking Agent in a Radiation Emergency: Final Recommendations on Use'' published in the Federal Register on June 29, 1982, concerning the prophylactic use of potassium iodide (KI) in the event of release of radioactive isotopes of iodine. In this guidance, FDA maintains its position that KI is a safe and effective means by which to prevent radioiodine uptake by the thyroid gland and, thus, reduce the risk of thyroid cancer in the event of a radiation emergency. The guidance recommends lower radioactive exposure thresholds for KI prophylaxis as well as lower doses of KI for neonates, infants, and children than previously recommended.
Potassium iodide use as thyroid blocking agent in radiation emergencies,
The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has established roles and responsibilities for Federal agencies in assisting State and local governments in their radiological emergency planning and preparedness activities. The Federal agencies, including the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), are intended to accomplish these roles and responsibilities as part of the Federal Radiological Preparedness Coordinating Committee. Among other responsibilities, DHHS is to provide guidance on the use of radioprotective substances to reduce radiation doses to specific organs from the release into the environment of large quantities of radioactivity. FDA is specifically charged with providing guidance on the prophylactic use of KI in the event of release of radioactive isotopes of iodine.
As part of its responsibilities as established by FEMA, on June 29,
1982, FDA published in the Federal Register a notice entitled
``Potassium Iodide as a ThyroidBlocking Agent in a Radiation
Emergency: Final Recommendations on Use'' (47 FR 28158). In that
notice, the agency made recommendations regarding the use of KI as a
thyroid blocking agent. During 1999 to 2000, the agency reviewed
additional data gathered primarily after the Chernobyl reactor
accident. On January 4, 2001 (66 FR 801), the agency issued a draft
guidance that revised some of the 1982 recommendations. The initial
comment period on the draft guidance closed on February 5, 2001. On
February 9, 2001 (66 FR 9711), the agency extended the comment period
to April 30, 2001. After consideration of all comments, the agency is
issuing this final version of the guidance. Other than clarifying edits, the agency has made no substantial changes to the
recommendations incorporated in the draft guidance. In this guidance the agency maintains its position that KI is a safe and effective means by which to prevent radioiodine uptake by the thyroid gland and thus to reduce the risk of thyroid cancer in the event of a radiation emergency. FDA proposes lower radioactive exposure thresholds for KI prophylaxis as well as lower doses of KI for neonates, infants, and children than previously recommended. FDA's revised recommendations are in general accordance with those of the World Health Organization, as expressed in its ``Guidelines for Iodine Phrophylaxis Following Nuclear Accidents'' (1999), except for minor modifications.
The recommendations in the guidance were prepared by FDA scientists from the Center for Drug Evaluation and Research and from the Center for Devices and Radiological Health, in consultation with other governmental experts.
This level 1 guidance is being issued consistent with FDA's good guidance practices regulation (21 CFR 10.115). The guidance represents the agency's current thinking on the use of potassium iodide as a thyroid blocking agent in radiation emergencies. It does not create or confer any rights for or on any person and does not operate to bind FDA or the public. An alternative approach may be used if such approach satisfies the requirements of the applicable statutes and regulations. II. Comments
Interested persons may, at any time, submit written or electronic
comments on the guidance to the Dockets Management Branch (address
above). Two copies of any comments are to be submitted, except that
individuals may submit one copy. Comments are to be identified with the docket number
found in brackets in the heading of this document. The guidance and received comments are available for public examination in the Dockets Management Branch between 9 a.m. and 4 p.m., Monday through Friday. III. Electronic Access
Persons with access to the Internet may obtain the document at
either http:// www.fda.gov/ohrms/dockets/default.htm.
Dated: December 3, 2001.
Margaret M. Dotzel,
Associate Commissioner for Policy.
[FR Doc. 0130492 Filed 121001; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 416001S
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT
Rose Cunningham, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (HFD6), Food and Drug Administration, 5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville, MD 20857, 3015946779.