Federal Register: June 13, 2003 (Volume 68, Number 114)
DOCID: FR Doc 03-14844
DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION
Federal Aviation Administration
CFR Citation: 14 CFR Part 39
Docket ID: [Docket No. 97-ANE-05-AD; Amendment 39-13192; AD 2003-12-07]
RIN ID: RIN 2120-AA64
ACTION: Airworthiness directives:
DOCUMENT ACTION: Final rule.
Airworthiness Directives; Pratt & Whitney JT8D Series Turbofan Engines
DATES: Effective July 18, 2003. The incorporation by reference of certain publications listed in the regulations is approved by the Director of the Federal Register as of July 18, 2003.
This amendment supersedes an existing airworthiness directive
(AD), that is applicable to Pratt & Whitney JT8D1, 1A, 1B, 7, 7A, 7B, 9, 9A, 11, 15, 15A, 17, 17A, 17R, and 17AR turbofan
engines. That AD currently requires a determination of the utilization rate and protective coating type of the 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, and 12th stage high pressure compressor (HPC) disks, and removal, inspection for corrosion, and recoating of those HPC disks based on utilization rate. This amendment requires removal and replacement of protective coating of 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, and 12th stage HPC disks, initial and repetitive inspections for corrosion pits and cracks, and removal from service as required. This amendment is prompted by operator reports of cracks found on several JT8D steel HPC disks since the existing AD was published. The actions specified by this AD are intended to prevent fracture of the HPC disks, which can result in uncontained release of engine fragments, inflight engine shutdown, and airframe damage.
Pratt & Whitney,
A proposal to amend part 39 of the Federal
Aviation Regulations (14 CFR part 39) by superseding AD 981207,
Amendment 3910563 (63 FR 31340, June 9, 1998), which is applicable to Pratt & Whitney JT8D1, 1A, 1B, 7, 7A, 7B, 9, 9A, 11, 15,
15A, 17, 17A, 17R, and 17AR turbofan engines was published in the Federal Register on January 24, 2003 (68 FR 3475). That action proposed to require removal and replacement of protective coating of 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, and 12th stage HPC disks, initial and repetitive inspections for corrosion pits and cracks, and removal from service as required in accordance with Pratt & Whitney (PW) Alert Service Bulletin (ASB) No. JT8D A6431, dated November 27, 2002. Since the publication of the proposed rule, PW ASB No. JT8D A6431 was reissued as Revision 1 on March 7, 2003.
Interested persons have been afforded an opportunity to participate in the making of this amendment. Due consideration has been given to the comments received.
Effective Dates Should Coincide
One commenter states that the effective date of the AD should coincide with the revision of the Standard Practices Manual to incorporate the disk preservation and storage instructions.
The FAA does not agree. The Standard Practice Manual will be updated to incorporate the disk preservation steps specified in PW ASB No. JT8D A6431, Revision 1, dated March 7, 2003; however until that time, the steps specified in the accomplishment instructions, Paragraphs 8.A. through 8.H. of the ASB, are sufficient to properly perform the preservation technique. Therefore, no changes will be made to the AD.
Underestimated Operational Impact
One commenter states that the operational impact on the operators of the proposed requirements is underestimated. The commenter believes that the more stringent inspection requirements on certain 9th stage HPC disks will increase the demand on other 9th stage HPC disks creating industry shortages.
The FAA agrees. The FAA and the original equipment manufacturer (OEM) are aware that the demand for new 9th stage HPC disks will increase because of the more stringent reinspection requirements imposed on older 9th stage disks. As a result, steps have been initiated at the OEM to meet the increased demand. The FAA expects that the steps the OEM has taken will prevent industry shortages significant enough not to change the economic impact of this AD. Therefore, no changes will be made to the AD.
Underestimated Costs of Replacement Disks
One commenter states that the costs associated with a new HPC disk are underestimated. The commenter notes that the $7,000 cost of a replacement disk specified in the proposed rule is too low, and that new disk prices range from $11,920 to $23,190.
The FAA does not agree. The FAA believes that it is not necessary to include the full cost of the disk in the economic analysis because the disks must be replaced before reaching their certified life, which would be part of the normal costs of operation. The $7,000 figure is the prorated replacement cost of the disk. This figure is the estimated average residual value of disks lost due to removal before reaching the full certified life of the disk. Therefore, no changes will be made to the AD.
Allowance for Preservation Status
One commenter requests that the AD include a provision to allow spare engines and disks not to accumulate time if placed in a preservation status in accordance with the JT8D Maintenance Manual. The commenter believes that once the engine is installed, then time will accumulate from the installation date, and this will allow the operators to maintain spare equipment and comply with the AD.
The FAA agrees. As the proposed rule is currently worded, an engine or disk does not accumulate time while in storage if preserved in accordance with procedures described in the compliance section of PW ASB No. JT8D A6431, Revision 1, dated March 7, 2003. Paragraphs 1.C. and 1.D of the compliance section of the ASB explain the storage requirements for the full engine and disk pieceparts respectively, and the associated time credits allowed for each storage method. Therefore, no changes will be made to the AD.
After careful review of the available data, including the comments noted above, the FAA has determined that air safety and the public interest require the adoption of the rule as proposed.
This final rule does not have federalism implications, as defined in Executive Order 13132, because it
would not have a substantial direct effect on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. Accordingly, the FAA has not consulted with state authorities prior to publication of this final rule.
For the reasons discussed above, I certify that this action (1) is not a ``significant regulatory action'' under Executive Order 12866; (2) is not a ``significant rule'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); and (3) will not have a significant economic impact, positive or negative, on a substantial number of small entities under the criteria of the Regulatory Flexibility Act. A final evaluation has been prepared for this action and it is contained in the Rules Docket. A copy of it may be obtained by contacting the Rules Docket at the location provided under the caption ADDRESSES.
List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39
Air transportation, Aircraft, Aviation safety, Incorporation by reference, Safety.
Adoption of the Amendment
Accordingly, pursuant to the authority delegated to me by the Administrator, the Federal Aviation Administration amends part 39 of the Federal Aviation Regulations (14 CFR part 39) as follows: PART 39AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES
1. The authority citation for part 39 continues to read as follows:
Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701.
Sec. 39.13 [Amended]
2. Section 39.13 is amended by removing Amendment 3910563 (63 FR 31340, June 9, 1998) and by adding a new airworthiness directive, Amendment 3913192, to read as follows:
20031207 Pratt & Whitney: Amendment 3913192. Docket No. 97ANE 05AD. Supersedes AD 981207, Amendment 3910563.
Applicability: This airworthiness directive (AD) is applicable to Pratt & Whitney (PW) JT8D1, 1A, 1B, 7, 7A, 7B, 9, 9A,
11, 15, 15A, 17, 17A, 17R, and 17AR turbofan engines. These engines are installed on, but not limited to Boeing 737 and 727 series, and McDonnell Douglas DC9 series airplanes.
Note 1: This AD applies to each engine identified in the
preceding applicability provision, regardless of whether it has been modified, altered, or repaired in the area subject to the
requirements of this AD. For engines that have been modified, altered, or repaired so that the performance of the requirements of this AD is affected, the owner/operator must request approval for an alternative method of compliance in accordance with paragraph (d) of this AD. The request should include an assessment of the effect of the modification, alteration, or repair on the unsafe condition addressed by this AD; and, if the unsafe condition has not been eliminated, the request should include specific proposed actions to address it.
Compliance: Compliance with this AD is required as indicated,
unless already done. To prevent fracture of the 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th,
11th, and 12th stage high pressure compressor (HPC) disks, which can
result in uncontained release of engine fragments, inflight engine shutdown, and airframe damage, do the following:
(a) Perform initial and repetitive inspections of HPC disks for corrosion pits and cracks after stripping the protective coating in accordance with the intervals specified in the compliance section and procedures specified in the accomplishment instructions of PW Alert Service Bulletin (ASB) No. JT8D A6431, Revision 1, dated March 7, 2003.
(b) Before further flight, replace HPC disks found with corrosion pits or cracks beyond serviceable limits as defined by PW ASB No. JT8D A6431, Revision 1, dated March 7, 2003.
(c) For the purposes of this AD, use the effective date of this AD for computing compliance intervals whenever PW ASB No. JT8D A6431, Revision 1, dated March 7, 2003, refers to the release date of the ASB.
Alternative Methods of Compliance
(d) An alternative method of compliance or adjustment of the compliance time that provides an acceptable level of safety may be used if approved by the Manager, Engine Certification Office (ECO). Operators must submit their request through an appropriate FAA Principal Maintenance Inspector, who may add comments and then send it to the Manager, ECO.
Note 2: Information concerning the existence of approved
alternative methods of compliance with this airworthiness directive, if any, may be obtained from the ECO.
Special Flight Permits
(e) Special flight permits may be issued in accordance with Sec. Sec. 21.197 and 21.199 of the Federal Aviation Regulations (14 CFR 21.197 and 21.199) to operate the airplanes to a location where the requirements of this AD can be done.
Documents That Have Been Incorporated by Reference
(f) The actions must be done in accordance with Pratt & Whitney Alert Service Bulletin No. JT8D A6431, Revision 1, dated March 7, 2003. This incorporation by reference was approved by the Director of the Federal Register in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. Copies may be obtained from Pratt & Whitney, 400 Main St., East Hartford, CT 06108; telephone (860) 5656600; fax (860) 565 4503. Copies may be inspected at the FAA, New England Region, Office of the Regional Counsel, 12 New England Executive Park, Burlington, MA; or at the Office of the Federal Register, 800 North Capitol Street, NW., suite 700, Washington, DC.
(g) This amendment becomes effective on July 18, 2003.
Issued in Burlington, Massachusetts, on June 5, 2003. Peter A. White,
Acting Manager, Engine and Propeller Directorate, Aircraft Certification Service.
[FR Doc. 0314844 Filed 61203; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 491013P
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT
Christopher Spinney, Aerospace Engineer, Engine Certification Office, FAA, Engine and Propeller Directorate, 12 New England Executive Park, Burlington, MA 018035299; telephone (781) 2387175; fax (781) 2387199.