Federal Register: December 21, 2004 (Volume 69, Number 244)
DOCID: FR Doc 04-27883
ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
Environmental Protection Agency
CFR Citation: 40 CFR Part 52
AZ ID: [AZ 134-082, CA 250-0453, CA 310-0465; FRL-7847-6]
ACTION: Air quality implementation plans; approval and promulgation; various States:
DOCUMENT ACTION: Final rule.
Revisions to the Arizona State Implementation Plan, Maricopa County Environmental Services Department; Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management District; Disapproval of State Implementation Plan Revisions, Monterey Bay Unified Air Pollution Control District
DATES: This rule is effective on January 20, 2005.
EPA is finalizing approval of revisions to the Maricopa County
Environmental Services Department (MCESD) portion of the Arizona State
Implementation Plan (SIP) and revisions to the South Coast Air Quality
Management District (SCAQMD) portion of the California SIP. The
revisions for MCESD were proposed in the Federal Register on September
30, 2004, and concern volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions from
solvent cleaning. The revisions for SCAQMD were proposed in the Federal
Register on September 14, 2004, and concern oxides of nitrogen
EPA is also finalizing disapproval of a revision to the Monterey
Bay Unified Air Pollution Control District (MBUAPCD) portion of the California State Implementation Plan (SIP). This
action was proposed in the Federal Register on June 1, 2004, and concerns excess emissions during breakdown. There are no sanctions associated with this disapproval.
Arizona and California,
Throughout this document, ``we,'' ``us'' and ``our'' refer to EPA.
I. Proposed Action
On September 20, 2004 (69 FR 58375), and September 14, 2004 (69 FR 55386), respectively, EPA proposed to approve the following rules into the Arizona SIP (MCESD 331) and the California SIP (SCAQMD 2015). Local agency Rule No. Rule title Adopted Submitted MCESD.............................. 331 Solvent Cleaning........... 04/21/04 07/28/04 SCAQMD............................. 2015 Backstop Provisions........ 06/04/04 07/29/04
We proposed to approve these rules because we determined that they complied with the relevant CAA requirements. Our proposed action contains more information on the rules and our evaluation.
On June 1, 2004 (69 FR 30845), EPA proposed to disapprove the
following rule that was submitted for incorporation into the California SIP.
Local agency Rule Rule title Adopted Submitted MBUAPCD............................ 214 Breakdown Condition........ 03/21/01 10/30/01
We proposed to disapprove this rule because some rule provisions conflict with section 110 and part D of the Act. These provisions deal with district enforcement discretion. EPA considers it unproductive and potentially confusing to approve an enforcement discretion rule into the SIP.
Our proposed action contains more information on the basis for this rulemaking and on our evaluation of the submittal.
II. Public Comments and EPA Responses
EPA's proposed action provided a 30day public comment period for each of these actions. We received no comments on any of these actions during the respective comment periods.
III. EPA Action
No comments were submitted that change our assessment that MCESD Rule 331 and SCAQMD Rule 2015 comply with the relevant CAA requirements. Therefore, as authorized in section 110(k)(3) of the Act, EPA is fully approving these rules into the Arizona SIP (MCESD Rule 331) and the California SIP (SCAQMD Rule 2015).
No comments were submitted that change our assessment of MBUAPCD Rule 214 as described in our proposed action. Therefore, as authorized in section 110(k)(3) of the Act, EPA is finalizing a full disapproval of the submitted rule. Because this is not a required submittal, there are no sanctions associated with this disapproval. Note that the submitted rule has been adopted by the MBUAPCD, and EPA's final disapproval does not prevent the local agency from enforcing it. IV. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews
A. Executive Order 12866, Regulatory Planning and Review
The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has exempted this regulatory action from Executive Order 12866, entitled ``Regulatory Planning and Review.''
B. Paperwork Reduction Act
This rule does not impose an information collection burden under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.)
C. Regulatory Flexibility Act
The Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) generally requires an agency to conduct a regulatory flexibility analysis of any rule subject to notice and comment rulemaking requirements unless the agency certifies that the rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. Small entities include small businesses, small notforprofit enterprises, and small governmental jurisdictions.
This rule will not have a significant impact on a substantial number of small entities because SIP approvals and disapprovals under section 110 and subchapter I, part D of the Clean Air Act do not create any new requirements but simply approve or disapprove requirements that the States are already imposing. Therefore, because the Federal SIP action does not create any new requirements, I certify that this action will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities.
Moreover, due to the nature of the FederalState relationship under
the Clean Air Act, preparation of flexibility analysis would constitute
Federal inquiry into the economic reasonableness of state action. The
Clean Air Act forbids EPA to base its actions concerning SIPs on such grounds. Union Electric Co., v. U.S.
EPA, 427 U.S. 246, 25566 (1976); 42 U.S.C. 7410(a)(2).
D. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act
Under sections 202 of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (``Unfunded Mandates Act''), signed into law on March 22, 1995, EPA must prepare a budgetary impact statement to accompany any proposed or final rule that includes a Federal mandate that may result in estimated costs to State, local, or tribal governments in the aggregate; or to the private sector, of $100 million or more. Under section 205, EPA must select the most costeffective and least burdensome alternative that achieves the objectives of the rule and is consistent with statutory requirements. Section 203 requires EPA to establish a plan for informing and advising any small governments that may be significantly or uniquely impacted by the rule.
EPA has determined that the approval and disapproval actions promulgated do not include a Federal mandate that may result in estimated costs of $100 million or more to either State, local, or tribal governments in the aggregate, or to the private sector. This Federal action approves or disapproves preexisting requirements under State or local law, and imposes no new requirements. Accordingly, no additional costs to State, local, or tribal governments, or to the private sector, result from this action.
E. Executive Order 13132, Federalism
Federalism (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999) revokes and replaces Executive Orders 12612 (Federalism) and 12875 (Enhancing the Intergovernmental Partnership). Executive Order 13132 requires EPA to develop an accountable process to ensure ``meaningful and timely input by State and local officials in the development of regulatory policies that have federalism implications.'' ``Policies that have federalism implications'' is defined in the Executive Order to include regulations that have ``substantial direct effects on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government.'' Under Executive Order 13132, EPA may not issue a regulation that has federalism implications, that imposes substantial direct compliance costs, and that is not required by statute, unless the Federal government provides the funds necessary to pay the direct compliance costs incurred by State and local governments, or EPA consults with State and local officials early in the process of developing the proposed regulation. EPA also may not issue a regulation that has federalism implications and that preempts State law unless the Agency consults with State and local officials early in the process of developing the proposed regulation.
This rule will not have substantial direct effects on the States,
on the relationship between the national government and the States, or
on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various
levels of government, as specified in Executive Order 13132, because it
merely approves or disapproves state rules implementing federal
standards, and does not alter the relationship or the distribution of
power and responsibilities established in the Clean Air Act. Thus, the
requirements of section 6 of the Executive Order do not apply to this rule.
F. Executive Order 13175, Coordination With Indian Tribal Governments
Executive Order 13175, entitled ``Consultation and Coordination
with Indian Tribal Governments'' (65 FR 67249, November 9, 2000),
requires EPA to develop an accountable process to ensure ``meaningful
and timely input by tribal officials in the development of regulatory
policies that have tribal implications.'' This final rule does not have
tribal implications, as specified in Executive Order 13175. It will not
have substantial direct effects on tribal governments, on the
relationship between the Federal government and Indian tribes, or on
the distribution of power and responsibilities between the Federal
government and Indian tribes. Thus, Executive Order 13175 does not apply to this rule.
G. Executive Order 13045, Protection of Children From Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks
Protection of Children from Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997), applies to any rule that: (1) Is determined to be ``economically significant'' as defined under Executive Order 12866, and (2) concerns an environmental health or safety risk that EPA has reason to believe may have a disproportionate effect on children. If the regulatory action meets both criteria, the Agency must evaluate the environmental health or safety effects of the planned rule on children, and explain why the planned regulation is preferable to other potentially effective and reasonably feasible alternatives considered by the Agency.
This rule is not subject to Executive Order 13045 because it does
not involve decisions intended to mitigate environmental health or safety risks.
H. Executive Order 13211, Actions That Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use
This rule is not subject to Executive Order 13211, ``Actions Concerning Regulations That Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use'' (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001) because it is not a significant regulatory action under Executive Order 12866.
I. National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act
Section 12 of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act (NTTAA) of 1995 requires Federal agencies to evaluate existing technical standards when developing a new regulation. To comply with NTTAA, EPA must consider and use ``voluntary consensus standards'' (VCS) if available and applicable when developing programs and policies unless doing so would be inconsistent with applicable law or otherwise impractical.
The EPA believes that VCS are inapplicable to this action. Today's action does not require the public to perform activities conducive to the use of VCS.
J. Congressional Review Act
The Congressional Review Act, 5 U.S.C. 801 et seq., as added by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, generally provides that before a rule may take effect, the agency promulgating the rule must submit a rule report, which includes a copy of the rule, to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of the United States. EPA will submit a report containing this rule and other required information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of Representatives, and the Comptroller General of the United States prior to publication of the rule in the Federal Register. A major rule cannot take effect until 60 days after it is published in the Federal Register. This action is not a ``major rule'' as defined by 5 U.S.C. 804(2). This rule will be effective January 20, 2005.
K. Petitions for Judicial Review
Under section 307(b)(1) of the Clean Air Act, petitions for
judicial review of this action must be filed in the United States Court
of Appeals for the appropriate circuit by February 22, 2005. Filing a
petition for reconsideration by the Administrator of this final rule
does not affect the finality of this rule for the purposes of judicial [[Page 76420]]
review nor does it extend the time within which a petition for judicial review may be filed, and shall not postpone the effectiveness of such rule or action. This action may not be challenged later in proceedings to enforce its requirements. (See section 307(b)(2).)
List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 52
Environmental protection, Air pollution control, Incorporation by reference, Intergovernmental relations, Nitrogen dioxide, Ozone, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Volatile organic compounds.
Dated: November 18, 2004.
Acting Regional Administrator, Region IX.
Part 52, chapter I, title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations is amended as follows:
1. The authority citation for part 52 continues to read as follows:
Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.
2. Section 52.120 is amended by adding paragraph (c)(117) to read as follows:
Sec. 52.120 Identification of plan.
* * * * *
(c) * * *
(117) Amended regulation was submitted on July 28, 2004, by the Governor's designee.
(i) Incorporation by reference.
(A) Maricopa County Environmental Services Department.
(1) Rule 331 adopted on April 21, 2004.
* * * * *
3. Section 52.220 is amended by adding paragraph (c)(333) to read as follows:
Sec. 52.220 Identification of plan.
* * * * *
(c) * * *
(333) New and amended regulations for the following AQMD were submitted on July 29, 2004, by the Governor's designee.
(i) Incorporation by reference.
(A) South Coast Air Quality Management District.
(1) Rule 2015 adopted on October 15, 1993 and amended on June 4, 2004.
4. Section 52.271 is amended by adding paragraph (b)(7) to read as follows:
Sec. 52.271 Malfunction, startup, and shutdown regulations. * * * * *
(b) * * *
(7) Monterey Bay Unified Air Pollution Control District. (i) Rule 214, Breakdown Condition, submitted on October 30, 2001. * * * * *
[FR Doc. 0427883 Filed 122004; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 656050P
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT
Francisco D[oacute][ntilde]ez, EPA Region IX, (415) 9723956, Donez.Francisco@epa.gov.