Federal Register: August 16, 2007 (Volume 72, Number 158)
DOCID: fr16au07-51 FR Doc E7-16141
DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
ACTION: Reports and guidance documents; availability, etc.:
DOCUMENT ACTION: Notice and request for public comment.
Proposed Data Sharing Activity
DATES: Written comments must be submitted on or before October 15, 2007.
The Bureau of the Census (Census Bureau) conducts the Survey of Industrial Research and Development (R&D) under a joint partnership agreement with the National Science Foundation (NSF). The U.S. Census Bureau proposes to provide data collected from the 20042009 R&D surveys to the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) for statistical purposes exclusively. In accordance with the requirement of Section 524(d) of the Confidential Information Protection and Statistical Efficiency Act of 2002 (CIPSEA), we are providing the opportunity for public comment on this datasharing action. Through the use of these shared data, the BEA will augment its existing R&Drelated data, identify data quality issues arising from reporting differences in the BEA and Census Bureau surveys, and improve its survey sample frames. The NSF will be provided nonconfidential aggregate data (public use) and reports that have cleared Census Bureau disclosure review. Disclosure review is a process conducted to verify that the data to be released do not reveal any confidential information.
Industrial Research and Development Surveys (2004-2009); data sharing activity with Economic Analysis Bureau,
CIPSEA (Pub. L. 107347, Subtitle V) allows the Census Bureau and the BEA to share certain business data for exclusively statistical purposes. Section 524(d) of the Act requires a Federal Register notice announcing the intent to share data (allowing 60 days for public comment).
Section 524(d) also requires the Census Bureau to provide
information about the terms of the agreement for data sharing. For
purposes of this notice, the Census Bureau has decided to group these terms by three categories. The categories are:
The Census Bureau proposes to provide the BEA with data collected from the 20042009 R&D surveys. The agreement also calls for the BEA to share data from its Foreign Direct Investment in the United States and U.S. Direct Investment Abroad surveys with the Census Bureau. The BEA has issued a separate notice addressing this activity.
The BEA will use these data for statistical purposes exclusively. Through record linkage, the BEA will augment its existing R&Drelated data, identify data quality issues arising from reporting differences in the BEA and Census Bureau surveys, and improve its survey sample frames.
Statistical Purposes for the Shared Data
The data collected from the R&D estimate the expenditures of research and development performed by United Statesbased industrial firms. The survey is conducted annually, however, the proposed data to be shared are from the 20042009 surveys only. Statistics from the annual surveys are published in the NSF's annual publication series ``Research and Development in Industry.'' Data collected by this survey include company characteristics and R&D spending information. Characteristics data include net sales, total employment, and employment of scientists and engineers. R&D spending data include the following: Total spending; federally funded (total and by agency) spending for basic and applied R&D, for basic research by field, and for applied R&D by product group; R&D spending by state; and R&D financed by domestic firms but performed abroad. All data are collected under Sections 131, 182, 224, and 225 of Title 13, United States Code (U.S.C.).
The aggregated data will provide a more integrated data set on R&D
performance and funding with domestic and foreign ownership detail and
will lead to a more complete account of international aspects of R&D [[Page 46035]]
performance and funding, and related economic activity, both in the United States and abroad. The Census Bureau will also be able to improve the sample frame for the R&D by adding companies identified in the BEA frames not currently accounted for in the sample. The Census Bureau will be able to identify possible data quality issues by investigating reporting differences contained within the files which will lead to improved survey estimates.
Data Access and Confidentiality
Section 9 of Title 13, U.S.C., protects the confidentiality of
these data. The data may be seen only by persons sworn to uphold the
confidentiality of the information. Access to the shared data will be
restricted to specifically authorized personnel and will be provided
for statistical purposes only. All BEA employees with access to these
data will attain Census Bureau Special Sworn Status (SSS), per Section
23(c) of Title 13, U.S.C., which provides that they, under penalty of
law, must uphold the data's confidentiality. Selected NSF employees
will provide the BEA with expertise on the aspects of R&D performance
in the United States and by U.S. companies abroad; these NSF
consultants assisting with the work at the BEA also will attain Census
Bureau SSS. No confidential data will be provided to the NSF. To
further safeguard the confidentiality of the data, the Census Bureau
will conduct an Information Technology security review of the BEA prior
to sharing any data files. Any results of this research are subject to Census Bureau disclosure protection.
Dated: August 10, 2007.
Charles Louis Kincannon,
Director, Bureau of the Census.
[FR Doc. E716141 Filed 81507; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 351007P
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT
Requests for additional information on this proposed program should be directed to Mr. Richard Hough, Special Studies Branch, Manufacturing and Construction Division, U.S. Census Bureau, 4600 Silver Hill Road, Washington, DC 202336900, by phone on (301) 7634823 or by fax (301) 7637783.