Federal Register: January 16, 2009 (Volume 74, Number 11)
DOCID: fr16ja09-42 FR Doc E9-550
DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE
CFR Citation: 28 CFR Part 548
RIN ID: RIN 1120-AB
BOP ID: [BOP-1150-P]
NOTICE: PROPOSED RULES
ACTION: Religious Beliefs and Practices:
DOCUMENT ACTION: Proposed rule.
Religious Beliefs and Practices: Chapel Library Materials
DATES: Comments are due by March 17, 2009.
The Bureau of Prisons (Bureau) amends its regulations on religious beliefs and practices to add a new regulation regarding chapel library materials. The regulations are necessary to notify inmates that certain materials that could incite, promote, or otherwise suggest the commission of violence or criminal activity may be excluded from chapel libraries. This change is also being made in connection with passage of the Second Chance Act.
Chapel Library Materials,
Posting of Public Comments
Please note that all comments received are considered part of the public record and made available for public inspection online at http:/ /www.regulations.gov. Such information includes personal identifying information (such as your name, address, etc.) voluntarily submitted by the commenter.
If you want to submit personal identifying information (such as your name, address, etc.) as part of your comment, but do not want it to be posted online, you must include the phrase ``PERSONAL IDENTIFYING INFORMATION'' in the first paragraph of your comment. You must also locate all the personal identifying information you do not want posted online in the first paragraph of your comment and identify what information you want redacted.
If you want to submit confidential business information as part of your comment but do not want it to be posted online, you must include the phrase ``CONFIDENTIAL BUSINESS INFORMATION'' in the first paragraph of your comment. You must also prominently identify confidential business information to be redacted within the comment. If a comment has so much confidential business information that it cannot be effectively redacted, all or part of that comment may not be posted on http://www.regulations.gov. [[Page 2914]]
Personal identifying information identified and located as set forth above will be placed in the agency's public docket file, but not posted online. Confidential business information identified and located as set forth above will not be placed in the public docket file. If you wish to inspect the agency's public docket file in person by appointment, please see the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT paragraph. Chapel Library Materials
The Bureau amends its regulations on religious beliefs and practices to add a new regulation (Section 548.21) regarding chapel library materials. The regulations are necessary to notify inmates that certain materials that could incite, promote, or otherwise suggest the commission of violence or criminal activity may be excluded from chapel libraries. This change is also being made in connection with section 214 of the Second Chance Act of 2007, approved April 9, 2008, (Pub. L. 110199; 122 Stat. 657) (``Second Chance Act'').
In addition to the Second Chance Act, concerns related to chapel libraries were also raised in an April 2004 report from the Office of the Inspector General (OIG) examining Bureau religious services. The OIG report stated that exclusions of material from Bureau chapel libraries are necessary to prevent criminal activity and radicalization of inmates. The OIG report indicated that terrorist groups are likely to attempt to radicalize and recruit inmates in the United States ``because they may be predisposed to violence, feel disenfranchised from society, desire power and influence, seek revenge against those who incarcerated them, be hostile towards authority and the United States, or cling to a radical or extremist religious `family.' '' (OIG Report, April 2004, page 7.)
As a matter of correctional security and management, it is essential that the Bureau be cognizant of the risks of unrest within prisons. Violence among particular inmates or groups of inmates, who must live together, jeopardizes the safety of inmates and staff, as well as potentially involving the destruction of government property. Under 18 U.S.C. 4042(a) the Bureau is specifically charged with providing for the safekeeping and protection of inmates. In carrying out this duty the Bureau must ensure that materials provided to inmates will not promote violence or criminal activity, thereby endangering the safety, security, and good order of Bureau facilities, and the protection of the public. In addition, under 28 CFR 548.15, no one may ``disparage the religious beliefs of an inmate * * *'' The Bureau is very aware of the sensitivity related to religious issues and the real possibility for strife to be fostered in this context.
Section 548.21(a) of the proposed rule states that the Bureau maintains chapel library materials for inmates to pursue religious beliefs and practices while in Bureau custody consistent with ensuring that such materials do not jeopardize the safety, security, or orderly operation of Bureau facilities, or protection of the public. The Bureau maintains custody of more than 200,000 inmates in 114 facilities nationwide. All Bureau facilities maintain chapels for inmate religious activities and chapel libraries that provide inmates with access to religious books, audiotapes, and videos relating to many different religions. The Bureau recognizes the importance of providing inmates with materials necessary to support their pursuit of religious interests. However, the Bureau must evaluate chapel library materials to ensure that the safety of inmates, staff, and the public are not adversely affected.
Therefore, based on the criteria listed in the Second Chance Act, subparagraph (b) of the proposed rule lists possible reasons for excluding chapel library material. Generally, materials may be excluded from the chapel library if the material could incite, promote, or otherwise suggest the commission of violence or criminal activity. This language derives from section 214 of the Second Chance Act, which states that ``the Bureau of Prisons may restrict access to * * * (1) Any materials in a chapel library that seek to incite, promote, or otherwise suggest the commission of violence or criminal activity; and (2) any other materials prohibited by any other law or regulation.'' Section 214 also states that ``[n]othing in this section shall be construed to impact policies of the Bureau of Prisons related to access by specific prisoners to materials for security, safety, sanitation, or disciplinary reasons.''
Subparagraph (c) explains that inciting, promoting, or otherwise suggesting the commission of violence or criminal activity includes: (1) Advocating or fostering violence, vengeance, or hatred toward particular religious, racial, or ethnic groups; or (2) urging the overthrow or destruction of the United States.
Therefore, to implement the provisions of the Second Chance Act, as well as the Bureau's statutory and regulatory duties, the Bureau proposes this addition to its regulations regarding religious beliefs and practices.
Executive Order 13132
This regulation will not have substantial direct effects on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. Therefore, under Executive Order 13132, we determine that this regulation does not have sufficient Federalism implications to warrant the preparation of a Federalism Assessment. Regulatory Flexibility Act
The Director of the Bureau of Prisons, under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 605(b)), reviewed this regulation and by approving it certifies that it will not have a significant economic impact upon a substantial number of small entities for the following reasons: This regulation pertains to the correctional management of offenders and immigration detainees committed to the custody of the Attorney General or the Director of the Bureau of Prisons, and its economic impact is limited to the Bureau's appropriated funds. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995
This regulation will not result in the expenditure by State, local and tribal governments, in the aggregate, or by the private sector, of $100,000,000 or more in any one year, and it will not significantly or uniquely affect small governments. Therefore, no actions were deemed necessary under the provisions of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995.
Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996
This regulation is not a major rule as defined by Section 804 of
the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996. This
regulation will not result in an annual effect on the economy of
$100,000,000 or more; a major increase in costs or prices; or
significant adverse effects on competition, employment, investment,
productivity, innovation, or on the ability of United Statesbased
companies to compete with foreignbased companies in domestic and export markets.
List of Subjects in 28 CFR Part 548
Harley G. Lappin,
Director, Bureau of Prisons.
Under rulemaking authority vested in the Attorney General in 5
U.S.C. 301; 28 U.S.C. 509, 510 and delegated to the Director, Bureau of Prisons in 28 CFR
0.96, we amend 28 CFR part 548 as follows.
Subchapter CInstitutional Management
PART 548RELIGIOUS PROGRAMS
1. The authority citation for 28 CFR part 548 continues to read as follows:
Authority: 5 U.S.C. 301; 18 U.S.C. 3621, 3622, 3624, 4001, 4042,
4081, 4082 (Repealed in part as to offenses committed on or after
November 1, 1987), 50065024 (Repealed October 12, 1984 as to
offenses committed after that date), 5039; 28 U.S.C. 509, 510; 42 U.S.C. 1996; 28 CFR 0.950.99.
2. Add a new Sec. 548.21 to read as follows:
Sec. 548.21 Chapel library materials.
(a) The Bureau maintains chapel library materials for inmates to pursue religious beliefs and practices while in Bureau custody consistent with ensuring that such materials do not jeopardize the safety, security, or orderly operation of Bureau facilities, or protection of the public.
(b) Material may be excluded from the chapel library if it is determined that such material could incite, promote, or otherwise suggest the commission of violence or criminal activity.
(c) For purposes of this subpart, inciting, promoting, or otherwise suggesting the commission of violence or criminal activity may include, but is not limited to:
(1) Advocating or fostering violence, vengeance, or hatred toward particular religious, racial, or ethnic groups; or
(2) Urging the overthrow or destruction of the United States. [FR Doc. E9550 Filed 11509; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 441005P
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT
Sarah Qureshi, Office of General Counsel, Bureau of Prisons, phone (202) 3072105.